The paper will explore Augustine’s view of God’s timelessness and will contrast it with the temporal view of God.
Augustine’s timeless view of God has philosophical and biblical problems. A temporal view is to be preferred.
2) I will start by describing Augustine’s view of God’s relationship to time
– God is eternal, changeless, immutable, etc.
– God does not experience sequence
3) I will then describe the temporal view of God
– God is indeed eternal in that He doesn’t have a beginning or ending, but He does experience a “before” and “after”.
– God changes in the way He interacts with creation, but He remains the same in his character, promises, and perfection.
4) I will then lay out some challenges to Augustine’s view
– If God doesn’t change, how does he interact with the universe?
– If God doesn’t change, how do we explain the passages in the Bible that show God changing his interaction with the world?
5) Reasons why the temporal view should be preferred and answers to challenges
– Makes sense of the changing nature of God and his interaction with creation.
– Is God limited by time?
– How can God go from being timeless to temporal?
– Doesn’t change imply that God isn’t perfect?
– Confessions by Saint Augustine
– Paradoxes of Time in Saint Augustine by Roland J. Teske
– Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview by J.P. Moreland and William Lane Craig
– Introductory Readings in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy edited by C.D.C. Reeve and Patrick Lee Miller